Uganda hosts 53.9% of the world’s last mountain gorillas (about 440 animals), 19 other primate species, 1,067 bird species (11% of the world’s bird species) 340 different mammals (7% of global diversity), 142 reptiles (14% of African species), 86 amphibians (19% of African amphibian species) and 1,242 different butterflies of which 31 are endemic.

Uganda’s President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni has declared tourism one of the most important growth vectors for Uganda. The goal of the government is to attract four million visitors by 2021 (the total number of tourists in 2015 was 1.7 million). The Government of Uganda is thereby placing great emphasis on nature-based tourism as one of the main pillars for sustainable economic development, intended to improve living conditions in the country.

In order to create the basis for a sustainable tourism development, the Ugandan government had already designated large areas as national parks and protected areas in the 1950s. Today, about 11% of the country’s total land area is protected